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Full text of "Butterflies from Nigeria"

\3 Biodiversity 
fe^Heritage 
l^Library 

http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org 



The Entomologist. 

London :Simpkin, Marshall & Co. ,[1877- 
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/9425 



v. 35 1902: http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/42382 
Page(s): Page 65, Page 66, Page 67, Page 68, Page 101, Page 102, Page 103, Page 104, 

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65 



A LIST of LEPIDOPTERA COLLECTED by BR. CUTHBERT 

CHRISTY in NIGERIA. 

By Emily Maby Sharps . 

The insects in this collection were all taken on the banks 
of the Niger, or within a few miles of the river, at various points 
between Lokoja and Ilo. Those from Lokoja were mostly cap- 
tured on Mount Patti, which rises abruptly behind the town for 
about a thousand feet. It is thickly wooded, except on the top, 
which is flat, open, grass country. At a certain spot, used by 
the Imperial forces stationed at Lokoja as a flag-station and 
sanatorium for convalescent officers and men, are the remains of 
what may have been a small village, and round about this spot 
flourishes a profusion of flowers and plants, many of which seem 
to be peculiar to the locality. Here more butterflies were to be 
seen in an hour than could be seen in a month at any other place 
in Nigeria that I visited. 

Lokoja is at the junction of the Benue River with the Niger, 
and is, roughly speaking, about 400 miles from the sea. Egga is 
about eighty miles above Lokoja, and Jebba, the head -quarters 
of the Imperial forces in Nigeria, is some 150 miles farther up. 
Most of the insects from Jebba were collected about the island on 
which the town and Imperial camp are situated, or on Juju-rock 
Island. The Juju-rock, such a prominent feature in the land- 
scape at Jebba, rises from the bed of the river to a height of 
300 ft- or more. It is practically a sheer cliff on all sides, and 
was never explored till I succeeded, after three days' toil, in 
finding a way to the summit in May, 1898. It was up to that 
date the centre of much superstition and mystery, and was 
talked of with dread by the natives for hundreds of miles both 
up and down the river- Its summit is covered with scrub, 
amongst which 1 noted several plants I had not seen elsewhere. 
The same was the case with the butterflies, and two or three 
species which are specially mentioned in the following list I saw 
nowhere else* The flora and fauna of the Juju-rock at Jebba 
are peculiar in many ways, and would, I am sure, well repay 
anyone making them a special study. 

Bajibo, Leaba, Bussa, Yelwa, and Gomba are places on or 
near the river bank between Jebba and Ho, the most northerly 
station in British territory, and nearly a thousand miles from 
the river's mouth. At Ilo the country is very different to what 
it is lower down the river. It is less wooded, and large stretches 
of open country little more than desert are frequent. The people, 
too, are very different, being a much finer race, particularly the 
men, who wear the flowing robes and ornaments of the Arab. In 
this district, bordering upon the Western Soudan, the butterflies 



66 THE ENTOMOLOGIST. 

are largely represented by the Pieridre, especially by the genus 
Teraeolns. 

The Ben ue flows for most of its course through impenetrable 
jungle. The town, and Niger Company's station, of Mozum is 
about twenty miles from its junction with the Niger* — [C. C] 

Family Danaidimi. 

1. Danais alcippus (Cram.)*— a t 2 . Sierra Leone; February, 
1898. &-/*, £ ? . Jebba, River Niger; September, October, 1898. 
£, j f J ?. Mount Patti, Lokoja ; May, 1898, k-p f S S. Ho. 
q, r f <? 2 - Shonga ; September, 1898. 

" One of the commonest butterflies all the year round, fre- 
quenting the clamp open parts near the river/' — C. 0. 

2. Danais petiverana, DoubL d Ilewits. — a, 3" - Jebba, Niger 
River ; October, 1898. 

" Only observed on one occasion, when a dozen or more 
appeared in October at one particular spot near the river. They 
were difficult to catch, owing to their quick movements and rapid 
flight/'— a C. 

Familv Satyridze. 

V 

3. Melanitis solandba (Fair.). — a, 2. Jebba, Niger River ; 
May, 1898. 

4. Mycalesis milyas ? Heiuits*—a y $ 9 Jebba, Niger River; 
September, 1898. 

5. Mycalesis desolata, Butt* — a 3 &, J . Jebba, Niger River ; 

November, 1898. 

In the collection at the British Museum three specimens of 
this species are recorded from the Atbara River and Abyssinia, 

6. Mycalesis safitza, Iletvits. — a f . Jebba, Niger River ; 
November, 1898. &, <J . Mozum, Benue River ; June, 1899. 

7. Mycalesis vulgaris, Butl—a-c $ $ . Jebba, Niger River; 
May, September, 1898. 

8. Ypihima simplicia, ButL — a. Leaba ; December, 1899. 
This species seems to be widely distributed, specimens being 

recorded in the National Collection from Somaliland, Victoria 
Nyanza, Zomba, Fwambo, and Wadelai. 

9. Ypthima doleta, Kirby.— a f J. Jebba, Niger River ; Sept- 
ember, 1898. 6, ? , Lokoja*; May, 1898. 

10. Ypthima itonia, Ileivits. — a. Shonga ; August. b 9 Jebba, 
Niger River ; October, 1898, 

Family Acr^idze* 

11. Acr^a zetes (Linn.). — a> <J . Lokoja; May. 

12. AobjBA offioiLiA (Fabn)—a-d, $ 2* Jebba, Niger River ; 
September, October, 1898. e-g f ^ J, Ho; March, 1899. h, 2 . 
Shonga ; September. 



LIST OP LEPIDOPTERA COLLECTED IN NIGERIA. 67 

13, Agile a pseudegina, Westw* — a-d f 3 . Lokoja ; May, 
e, <y. Mount Patti, Lokoja; May, 1899. f 9 g f 3 ?. Jebba ; 

May , 1898. h-j 3 <y . Do, k, <?. Sierra Leone; February, 1898. 

1-4. AcuiEA serena (Fabr.). — a. Leaba ; December, 1899. 
6, 0-. Shonga; August, d-g. Jebba, Niger Elver; September, 
1898. 

15. Acrzea vinidia, HewiU. — a-L Jebba, Niger River ; May, 
September, 1898. j. Mozum, Benue River; June, 1899. 

16. Acb/^a bonasia (Fabr.). — a. Shonga; August. 

17. Acrjea lycia (Fabr.) . — a, b. Boussa ; December, 1898. 
c-j. Shonga; August, September. 

" Acrcea lycia, A. pseudegina, and .4, c&cilia were exceedingly 
common along the banks of the River Niger. "— C. C. 

18. Planema gea (Fabr.). — a, b, & . Sierra Leone ; February, 
1898. 

19. Planema umbra (Drury). — a, 2 . Mozum, Benue River ; 
June, 1899. 

" Caught in an open glade in the thick jungle on the right 
bank of the Benue River."— C. C. 

Family Nymphalid^e. 

20. Atella phalantha (Drury). — a. Shonga; August. &-#♦ 
Ilo ; March, 1899. /. Jebba ; May. g f h. Lokoja. 

21. Pyeameis cardui (Linn.).— a-e> Jebba; October. 

22. Junonia boopis, Trimejt. — a, <? . Leaba ; December, 
1899. b, 3 -. Jebba; November. c 9 d, 3 1 ? . Ilo; January, 1899. 

23. Junonia clelia (Cram.). — a, ? , Shonga ; August* &, c, 
£ ? . Ilo ; March, 1899. 

24. Junonia cebrene, Trimen. — a f 3 . Jebba; May. b-d 9 
3" ?. Ho; January, March, 1899. <?, ?. Boussa; December, 

4i Junonia boopis, J. clelia, and J, cebrene frequent the most 
exposed stony and glaring hot places. They are difficult insects 
to catch. 5> — C. C, 

25. Precis amestris (Drury). — a. Ilo; March, 1899. 

26. Precis trimeni (Butt). — a, Shonga; September. 

27. Precis cuama (Ilewits.), — -a, b. Jebba; October, November. 
The species seems to be widely distributed, specimens in the 

British Museum being recorded from Masailand, Nyasaland, and 
Mashona. 

28. Precis ceryne (BoiscL). — a, b. Shonga ; August. 

29. Precis leodora (Godt.). — a. Jebba ; Sept ember, 

30. Precis pel a rga (Fabr.). — a. Shonga; August. 

31* Precis terea (Drury). — a, b. Sierra Leone; February, 
1898. c. Lokoja, 11,000 ft. above river; May. d 3 e> Jebba; 
May. f t g. Ilo; March, 1899. 




68 THE ENTOMOLOGIST. 



32. Precis obthosia (Klug). — a. Lokoja. &. Bonssa ; De- 
cember, c. Jebba ; May. d-g. Ilo ; March, 1899. 

" Common in the thicker parts of the jungle," — C. C. 

33. Hypolimnas misippus {Linn.). — a-d t & 2* Ilo; March, 
1899. 0.4 <? . Boussa; January, 1898. 

34. Neptidopsis ophione (Gram,). — ff. Mozum, Benue Kiver; 
June, 1899, 

35* Byblia gotzius (IlerhsL). — a-g f $ 2* Ho; March, 1899, 
h f c? . Jebba ; October. 

36. Neptis agatha (StolL) . — a, 2. Shonga ; September. 
b $ $ . Jebba ; September, 1898. e, $ . Rabba ; November. 
d f S . Boussa ; December. 

37- Neptis melicerta (Drury). — a. Ilo; March, 1899, 

38. Catuna crithea (Drury). — a. Mozum, Benue River; 
June, 1899. 

39. Hamakumida dtedalus (Fab?\). — a t h Ilo : January, 1899, 
c. Ilo; February, 1899. d-f. Jebba; November, g. Boussa; 
December, ft, i. Shonga ; August. j 9 k, $ $ . Mount Patti, 

Lokoja; June. 

" Common on shady paths, settling with the wings open, thus 
escaping observation unless it rises, when it is difficult to catch, 
owing to its strong flight." — C. C. 

40. Euphjedra themis {Hubn.).- — a. Ilo ; March, 1899* 

41. EupHiEDRA janetta (ButL). — a. Jebba ; May. 

. 42. Euphjedba crossei, sp. n. — df - Primaries differing from 
the typical E. crockeri, Butler, in having a large ochre-yellow 
patch on the apical area, as well as a yellowish bronze shading 
along the inner margin. Secondaries : Central area rather more 
uniform steel-blue, the other spots and markings not differing 
from those indicated in other varieties of E. croekeri. Under 
side similar to that of E. crockeri. Expanse, 2*4 in. 

Hah, Mozum, Benue River ; June, 1899. Type. 

This species, which belongs to the E. crockeri group, has 
apparently not been named. Two specimens are in the British 
Museum, one from the Cameroons, and the other from the Lower 
Niger (Asaba?), collected by Dr. E. W. Crosse. In this genus 
some of the species have a yellow phase, but whether this can be 
attributed to a seasonal change of colour remains to be deter- 
mined. 

43. Charaxes ach^henes, FeUL — a> $. Lokoja; May. 

44. Charaxes viola, ButL—a 9 2 . Lokoja ; May. 

45. Charaxes varan es (Cram.). — a* Ilo; March, 1899. 

(To be continued.) 



LIST OF LEPIDOPTEEA COLLECTED IN NIGERIA* 101 

modation — clean but rough — can be obtained during the spring 
months (which I should imagine was the best time for collecting 
here) at the house of a Syrian woman named Takla Abood, who 
speaks English ; and in summer there is a mountain hotel* At 
Bsherreh, about one hour's walk or ride from the Cedars, situated 
in a magnificent position overlooking a glorious well-watered 
valley, there is now a new hotel, very small but most clean and 
comfortable, with the most obliging host and hostess, both of 
whom, having spent some time in Australia, can speak English, 
Bsherreh is approached on the west by a carriage-road, and is 
two days' drive from Beyrout by Tripolis ; or, on the east over 
the pass of the Jebel-eLArz, about ten or twelve hours' ride from 
Baalbek, with good collecting most of the way. At Baniyas I 
would willingly have made a much more protracted stay, as 
from what I did see I should say it was one of the best u butterfly 
corners" in Syria; but I only passed it as one of the halting- 
places on my ride from Damascus to Jerusalem, and not being 
provided with tents, the accommodation in the native house 
where I put up was of such a nature that my courage failed me 
at the thoughts of another night in Baniyas, so I decided to ride 
on to Giayoni. But I feel sure that for those who should be 
camping out, and therefore independent of the horrors of native 
houses, this neighbourhood would afford excellent collecting, 

7, Lansdown Place (East), Bath: Bee. 1901. 




A LIST of LEPIDOPTEEA COLLECTED by DR. CUTHBERT 

CHRISTY in NIGERIA. 

By Emily Mary Sharpe, 
{Concluded from p. 68.) 

Family Lyc^nidje, 

46, Lachnocnema d'urbani, Trimen, — a, Jebba ; May. 

47* PiiiOdeudoris QmntsiMA (H. H. Druee)* — a, b 9 <y , Juju- 
rock, Jebba ; November. 

48. Virachola livia (Khig).— a. Juju-rock, Jebba; November. 
This species was hitherto supposed to be restricted to Aden, 

whence there are specimens in the British Museum. 

49. Vieachola antalus (Hopff.) . — a-c 7 £ . Juju-rock, Jebba ; 
November, d, 2 . Lokoja ; May. 

50. Sukidion iasis (Hetvits.). — a f £ . Juju-rock, Jebba; 
November. 

**' Pilodeudorix cceridea, Virachola livia % and Sitkidion iasis 
seem to frequent high ground, as I only came across these species 
on the Juju-rock. "— C< C. 



102 THE ENTOMOLOGIST. 

51. Spindasis nilus (HewitsS). — a, <? . Ho ; February, 1899. 

This is a very interesting species* hitherto represented by a 
female in the Hewitson Collection in the British Museum from 
the White Nile. 

52. Axiocerses perion (Cram.). — <*> &> <? ■ Ho j January. 
c, ?. Lokoja; May, d-f t tf . Ho; March, 1899. 

53. Lyclenesthes amarah (Giter.)* — a, ? . Ho ; January, 

A. V? t_/ */ ■ 

54. Lycjenesthes adhebbal, Mabille. — a, J. Lokoja; May. 

55. Lycjenesthes labydas (Cram.).— a, J. Lokoja. 

56. Cacyreus lingeus (C-ram,), — a-c, <y , Jebba; September, 
lo9o. 

57. Tarucus plinius {Fabr*). — a-d f <y . Jebba; May, Sept- 
ember, November, 1898. e 9 5 . Sierra Leone ; February, 1898, 
f-i 9 <y . Eabba ; November. 

58. Polyommatub BffiTious (Ltwn.). — a, e f <? 2. Jebba; Nov- 
ember, /, <? . Boussa ; December. g 3 <y ■ Kabba ; November. 

59* Catochbysops fumosus, ButL — a. Lokoja. 

60. Catochbysops osibib (IIopff.) m —a 9 &. Leaba; December, 
1899. h 9 J . Shonga; August. 

61. Euchrysops Nigeria, sp. n. — Primaries : General colour 
bright azure blue ; the apex and hind margin narrowly lined 

with greyish brown ; cilia dirty white. Secondaries similar to 
the primaries ; the hind margin narrowly edged with greyish 
brown, the cilia nearly white ; a submarginal row of white spots 
with more or less obsolete dark centres, the darkest and largest 
spot situated between the first and second median nervule ; near 
the anal angle a second row of faintly indicated white spots. 
Underside similar to that of Catochrysojis contracta, Butler. An 
extra row of spots on the marginal area of both wings, these 
spots being larger and more compact than in the above-named 
form, and consisting of four narrow lines of brown, with white 
spots on either side situated between the nervules ; the basal 
area of the secondaries relieved by the usual three black dots ; 
the distinct black spot on the hind margin edged on its lower 
side with metallic silver ; one spot between the second and third 
median nervule and two spots on the anal angle being of the 
same metallic colour. Expanse, '8 in. 

Hqfa <J . Ilo ; February, 1899. Type. 

62. Lampides hippocrates (Fabr.). — a f b> Jebba; September, 
1899. 

63. Neolyc^ka cissus (GodL). — a-e 3 $ , Shonga; August. 
/, ? . Jebba ; November. 

64. Zizeba knysna (Trimen)* — a-d, $ ? . Jebba ; Sept- 
ember and October. 



LIST OF LEPIDOPTERA COLLECTED IN NIGERIA. 103 

Family Pieridm. 

65. Nychitoma alcesta {Cram.). — a 9 6. Jebba ; May, October. 
c t Lokoja. 

66. Mylothris chloris (Fabr.).~ a, ^ . Shonga ; September, 

67. Phrissura sylvia (Fabr.). — a. Mount Patti, Lokoja; 
May, 1899. 

68. Glutophrissa sab a (Fabr.).— a-d, <? t Jebba; May, October. 
e-g f <? 2 . Mount Patti, Lokoja ; May, 1899- h $ & . Boussa; December, 

69. Belenois gidica (Godt*). — a, dF . Jebba; May. 

70. Belenois abyssinictjs (Lucas).— a 9 <? . Ho ; January, 1899. 

71. Belenois creona (Cram.). — a-i f c? $ . Ho; March, 1899. 
j, & . Ptabba ; November, k-m, $ ? . Jebba ; September, 1898. 
n-r, <? ? . Mount Patti, Lokoja ; May, 1899. s, <? . Lokoja ; 
May. £, ?. Juju-rock, Jebba; November. 

72. Belenois mbsentina (Cram.). — a, &, $ . Ilo ; March. c f <? . 
Rabba ; November. 

73. Belenois calypso (Drury). — a-c f £ ? . Ilo ; March, 1899. 
d 3 2 . Lokoja ; May. 

74. Pinacopteryx ? liliana (Grose Smith), — a, 5. Ilo; Feb- 
ruary, 1899. 

75* Teracolus maimuna (Kirhy). Teracolus maimuna, E. M. 
Sharpe, Monogr. Ent. i. p. 24, pi. 9, figs. 1-19 (1898), — a, <£. 
Jebba ; September, 1898. 

76. Teracolus Amelia (Lucas). — a, 6, Ilo; February and 
March, 1899. 

This species has been recorded from Senegal and Abyssinia, 
and seems therefore to range throughout the Soudan. 

77. Teracolus dedecora (Feld.). — a-t, £ S . Ilo ; January, 
February, 1899. 

The occurrence of this species in Nigeria is of great interest, 
as it has previously only been recorded from Senegal, in Western 
Africa. It is a well-known species in North-eastern Africa, 
where it ranges from Abyssinia to Somali-land, and eastward as 
far as Muscat, in Arabia, 

78. Teracolus evippe (Linn.). — a-l 9 $ 5 . Jebba; September, 
November, 1898, m, $ . Ilo ; March, 1899. n 9 o, <? 2 , Mount 
Patti, Lokoja ; May. p-s, <? ? . Lokoja ; May. 

79. Teracolus loandicus, ButL — a. Lokoja; May, 

80. Teracolus evagore (King).— a-e> <? ?. Ilo; January, 
February, 1899. 

I am unable to separate Dr. Christy's specimens from those 
in the British Museum from Aden, from which place the British 
Museum contains a large series. 

81. Teracolus isaura (Lucas). — a-c } <? , Jebba; September 
and November, 1898 P 



104 THE ENTOMOLOGIST. 

This eastern species is here recorded for the first time from 
Nigeria- The British Museum has specimens from the White 
Nile and Upper Egypt, Abyssinia, and the Arusa Galla country 
and Mombasa* 

82. Teracolus simplex, ButL — a-d, <J J . Ho ; February and 
March, 1899. 

The occurrence of this southern species is somewhat extra- 
ordinary, but my father tells me that in the Hinterland of the 
Gold Coast some South African species of birds, which have not 
been found in the intervening districts of Africa, occur quite 
unexpectedly. 

83. Teracolus xanthevarne, BtitL ; E. M. Sharpe, Monogi\ 
Ent. p. 90, pi. 29, figs. 1-12 (1900). — a, 6, <y ? , Ilo; January, 
February, 1899. 

This species has hitherto only been known from North-east 
Africa ; the specimens in the British Museum being from the 
Anseba Valley, Bogos-land, Abyssinia, and the White Nile. 

84. Leuceronia argia {Fabr.) . — a/g* Mozum, Benue Eiver; 
June, 1899. 

85. Leuceronia pharis (Boisd.). — a-c P g $ , Mozum, Benue 
Eiver; June, 1899. 

86. Catopsilia florella (Fair J). — a, <y . Ilo ; January, 1899. 
h-f f <y , Mount Patti, Lokoja ; May, 1899. 

87. Terias rrenda, DoubL & Heivits, — a* Mozum, Benue 
Eiver; June, 1899. 

88. Terias orientis, ButL — a. Sierra Leone ; February, 
1898. 6, c. Jebba ; September, 1899, d, e. Ho ; March, 1899. 

89. Terias hapale, Mabille. — a, Ilo ; January, 1899. b, 
Boussa ; December. 

90. Terias regularis, ButL — a-c» Jebba ; September and 
October, 1899. d-f. Shonga; August. 

91. Terias brigitta (Cram.). — a, ft* Sierra Leone; February, 
1898. c. Jebba ; October, d-j. Ilo ; January, February, and 

March, 1899. 

92. Terias zoe, Hopff. — o-e, J 2 ■ Jebba ; September and 
October, 1898, /, $ , Eabba ; November. 

Family PapilionidjE. 

93. Papilio demodocus, Esper. — a-f. Lokoja; May. g-k t 
Mount Patti, Lokoja ; May, 1899. Z, m. Ilo ; February, 1899. 

" Frequented a species of orange tree," — C. C. 

94. Papilio pylades, Fahr. — a-c. Jebba; May and Novem- 
ber, d. Eabba ; November, e. Ilo ; March, 1899. /. Mount 
Patti, Lokoja ; May, 1899. 

95. Papilio leonidas, Fah\ — a, Lokoja; May* b. Mozum, 
Benue Eiver * June, 1899. 



LIST OF LEPIDOPTERA COLLECTED IN NIGERIA. 105 

Family Hesperus. 

96. Sarangesa synestalmenus (Karsch)* * — a, b» Boussa ; 
December. 

97- Hesperia dromus (Ploetz)— a-c, J ?. Shonga; August. 

98. Pardaleodes incerta (Snellen). — a. Sierra Leone ; Feb- 
ruary, 1898. b, c. Lokoja ; May, 

99. Ampittia? inornatus (Trirnen). — a. Shonga; August. 

100. Gegenes hottentota (Latr.). — a } & • Boussa; De- 
cember, 

101. GrEGENESLETTERSTEDTi{T'Fa/^^r.).— a* Shonga ; August, 

1898. 

102. Parnara bqrbonica (BoiscL). — a. Jebba ; November, 

103. Baoris fatuellus (Hopff.)*— a. Sierra Leone; February, 

1898. h-f. Jebba; October and November, g-h. Lokoja: May. 
i. Kabba; November. 

" This species has the peculiar habit of frequenting one's tent 
at dawn of day. It flits about in every corner in a restless manner, 
and is easy to catch. When the sun gets well up it disappears. It 
was common every morning on Mount Patti, and also at Boussa, in 
the hospital, flitting about beneath the beds and elsewhere." — C. C. 

104* Baoris netopha (Hewizs.).—a. Lokoja. 

105. Platylesches batang^e (IIolL). — a, b. Lokoja; May. 

106. Khopalocampta fokestan (Gram*). — a, Jebba; Septem- 
ber, b-g. Lokoja ; May. 

Family Sphingidje. 

107. Pseudosmerinthub suemarginalis (Walk*)* — tf- Jebba ; 
November. 

108. Leucophlebia afra. — Leucophlehia afra (Karsch), Ent. 
Nach, Berlin, xvii. p. 2, pi, 1, fig. 1 (1891). «. Ilo; February, 1899. 

109. Nephele peneus (Cram.)*— a. Jebba. 

Family Syntomid^. 

110. Syntomis interniplaga (Mabille).— Hampson, Cat.Lepid. 
Phalfen^e, vol. L p. 114, pi. 11, fig. 16 (1898). a* Lokoja. 

Family Arctiad^. 

111. Alpenus jequalis (Walk.)* — ®. Mozum, Benue Paver; 
June, 1899. 

112. Diacrisia lutescens (Walk J).— Hampson, Cat. Lepid. 
Phalsenae, iii. p. 295, 1901. a. Mount Patti, Lokoja; May, 

1899. 6. Lokoja. 

113. Utetheisa pulchella (Linn*).— a* Jebba; October, 1898. 

Family Hypsid^. 

114. Argina cingulifera (Walk.).— a } b. Jebba; November, 
c. Shonga ; August, 1898. 




106 THE ENTOMOLOGIST. 

Family Lipariixei, 

115, L/ELiA setinoides (Holland), — a. Lokoja. 

Family Lymantriadje. 

116, Cimola eleuteria (Stoll.)- — a ~ c > <7 ? - Mozum, Benue 
Elver; June, 1899. 

• \ This species was seen frequently whilst traversing the 

thickest jungle on the right bank of the Benue." — C. C. 

117- Dasychira sp. — a. Mount Patti, Lokoja ; May, 1899. 

118. Dasychira bemota (Druce). — a, b m Lokoja; December, 
1899. 

Family Limacodidje. 

119. Parasa urda (Druce). — a. Mount Patti, Lokoja ; May, 
1899. 

120. Chilena sp. — a, 6. Ilo; January and March, 1899. 

Family Notobontidje. 

121. Zana sp. — a. Mount Patti, Lokoja; May, 1899. 

Family Saturniid^. 

122. Burnea christyi, E.M. Sharpe, Ann. & Mag. Nat. Hist. 
(7) iii* p. 371 (1899). ? Burnea pkadusa (Drury), Walk. Lepid. 
Heter. v. p. 1229 (1855). — a. Jebba. 

Sir George Hampson considers my 2?. christyi to be a variation 
of B> phtedusa, Drury. As, however, there is another specimen 
in the British Museum from Nigeria, which agrees with my type 
in having the large ocelli on the fore wing, I think it is quite 
probable that the two species are distinct. 

123. Brun^a pygmjea, Maassen, Beitriige ziir Schmett. f. 100. 
NudmireUa jebbce, E. M, Sharpe, Ann. & Mag. Nat. Hist. (7) iii. 
p. 372 (1899).— a. Jebba; October, 1898. 

124. Salassa maia (King). — a. Jebba. 

125. Henucha smilax (Westw.)* — a. Jebba; November. 

Family Lasiocasifidje. 

126. Metanastria ?contraria (Walk.). — a. Jebba; November, 

127. Gonometa christyi, sp. ii. — Primaries : Ground colour 
reddish buff, somewhat paler in colour on the bind margin ; two 
transverse bands of a darker tint across the centre of the wing, 
the basal line proceeding straight from the costa to the inner 
margin. Secondaries : Yellowish buff with a satiny appearance, 
rather deeper in colour along the inner margin and the base. 
Under side : General colour reddish buff, the secondaries paler, 
especially on the hind margin. Head, antenna, thorax, and 
body reddish buff* Expanse of male, 3*6 in. 

Hah* Jebba; November. 



LIST OP LEPIDOPTERA COLLECTED IN NIGERIA. 



107 



Female. — Primaries bright reddish bnff f with three darker 



transverse lines, the two basal lines being only slightly waved ; 
a faint suffusion of grey along the inner margin, and extending 
over the discal area to the costa. Secondaries lighter in colour 
than the primaries, and with a satiny gloss. Under side similar 
to that of the male ; the hind marginal area of the secondaries 
lighter in colour than the ground colour ; both wings devoid of 
any spots or lines. Head, antenna, thorax, and body reddish 
buff, the latter having a distinct gloss. Expanse, 5'6 in. 

Ilab. Jebba; November. 

"The cocoons of this species were frequently seen on some of 
the largest trees growing near the river bank at Jebba, not far 
from the Juju-rock. They were usually placed in a cluster on the 
under surface of a large bough. The caterpillar, an enormous 
'woolly bear/ which I always associated with these cocoons, was 
on several occasions brought to me in camp. Its colour was 
dark reddish brown 3 much darker than the colour of the dead 
hair woven into the cocoons." — C. 0, 

Family Cossid^, 

128. Azygophleps inclusa (Walk.). — a, Jebba; November, 

Family Ngctuidje. 

129. Sphingomorpha monteironis (BuiL). — a-e. Jebba; May. 

130. Cyligramma limacina (Giier.). — a } b. Lokoja, 11,000 ft. 
above the river ; May. 

131. Ophisma indicabilis (Walk.).— a. Lokoja; May. 

132. Ophiusamelicerte (Drun/). — a. Leaba; December, 1899. 

133. Bemigia archesia (Gram.).- — a* Mount Patti, Lokoja; 
May, 1899. 

134. Plecoptera resistens {Walk.). — a. Ilo; March, 1899. 

135. Entomo gramma pardus (Guen.). — a. Jebba ; May. 

136. Hypocala plumicornis {Giten*)* — a. Jebba; May. 

137. Charidea cauta. — Chavide a canto,} Hamps on {inMSS.) t 
a. Mount Patti, Lokoja; May, 1899. 

Family Geometries. 

138. ?Acropteris angulataria (Fahi\). — a, 6, Jebba; May 
and October, 1899. 

139. Pareumelea perlimbata (Guen.). — a. Sierra Leone ; 
February, 1898. 

Family Pyralid^. 

140. Phryganodes qvabrigvttat a {Walk.). — a. Sierra Leone; 
February, 1898. 

141. Gtlyphodes sinuata {Fab)\).~ a, Mozum, Benue Biverj 
June, 1899.